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Mar 06

ASA 8.3/8.4 NAT Migration Lab Guide – Lab 1.1

Main Post

http://www.xerunetworks.com/2012/03/asa-8384-nat-migration-lab-guide/

This lab is part of the series of LAB which details how migrate NAT configurations from Pre ASA 8.2 version to ASA 8.3/8.4



Lab1.1 Setup

Dynamic Policy NAT / PAT

Building on what we had before lets add one more router to the picture and consider this as DMZ. We will also configure policy NAT for DMZ subnet such that it chooses a different IP address based on the destination.

The device configurations and GNS3 Topology can be downloaded from the the following link if you want it to import it for yourself.

http://www.mediafire.com/download.php?4sjm1ngdb9nbwrb

 

NAT Policy

1. Configure ASA for DMZ network such that when subnet 11.11.11.0/24 tries to ping ISP router it uses a public address 192.168.100.202.
2. Configure ASA for DMZ network such that when subnet 11.11.11.0/24 tries to ping Inside router it uses IP address 192.168.0.202

Pre ASA 8.3 Configuration

access-list POLICY-NAT-ACL-11 permit ip 11.11.11.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.0. 255.255.255.0
access-list POLICY-NAT-ACL-11 permit ip 11.11.11.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.100.0 255.255.255.0

nat (dmz) 1 access-list POLICY-NAT-ACL-11
global (outside) 1 192.168.100.202
global (inside) 1 192.168.0.202

ASA 8.3/8.4 Configuration

1. First we need to create network objects for source subnet. Then we need to create object for destination subnet and finally we need to create to objects for addresses which will be used for translation. So, lets start with 11.11.11.0/24

object network DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0
subnet 11.11.11.0 255.255.255.0

object network DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0
subnet 192.168.100.0 255.255.255.0

object network obj-192.168.100.202
host 192.168.100.202

2. We use the following NAT statement such that NAT is performed if subnet 11.11.11.0 tries to access ISP.

nat (dmz,outside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0  obj-192.168.100.202 destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0

3. Now becuase the source subnet is going to remain the remain, we just need a new object to define the NAT address and destination subnet

object network DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0
subnet 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0

object network obj-192.168.0.202
host 192.168.0.202

4. Here is the NAT statement for subnet 11.11.11.0/24 when it tried to access subnets on the Inside router.

nat (dmz,inside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0  obj-192.168.0.202 destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0

Verification

1. Use 'show run object' will show the objects that we created in step 1 & 3
Output:
ASA1# sh run object
object network Inernal-10.10.10.0
 subnet 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0
object network Inernal-10.10.11.0
 subnet 10.10.11.0 255.255.255.0
object network Inernal-0.0.0.0
 subnet 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
object network DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0
 subnet 11.11.11.0 255.255.255.0
object network DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0
 subnet 192.168.100.0 255.255.255.0
object network obj-192.168.100.202
 host 192.168.100.202
object network DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0
 subnet 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0
object network obj-192.168.0.202
 host 192.168.0.202

2. Use 'show run nat' to get the NAT statements used in the running config
Output:
ASA1#  sh run nat
nat (DMZ,outside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0 obj-192.168.100.202 destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0
nat (DMZ,inside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0 obj-192.168.0.202 destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0
!
object network Inernal-10.10.10.0
 nat (inside,outside) dynamic interface
object network Inernal-10.10.11.0
 nat (inside,outside) dynamic 192.168.100.200
object network Inernal-0.0.0.0
 nat (inside,outside) dynamic 192.168.100.201

3. Use 'show nat' to see the translations performed
Output:
ASA1# sh nat
Manual NAT Policies (Section 1)
1 (DMZ) to (outside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0 obj-192.168.100.202   destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0
2 (DMZ) to (inside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0 obj-192.168.0.202   destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0

Auto NAT Policies (Section 2)
1 (inside) to (outside) source dynamic Inernal-10.10.10.0 interface
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0
2 (inside) to (outside) source dynamic Inernal-10.10.11.0 192.168.100.200
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0
3 (inside) to (outside) source dynamic Inernal-0.0.0.0 192.168.100.201
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0

Now we have verified that components are in place let start verifciation on the devices

4. On ISP router use command 'debug ip packets' to get an idea what IP address ISP sees when a packet hits its interface
5. Use extended ping from DMZ router as following to verify the first rule. Now ISP router should see the IP (192.168.100.202) as a source of ping. However, as we configured and we know that the real source is the Loopback0 Interface IP on ther DMZ Router.

DMZ#ping
Protocol [ip]:
Target IP address: 192.168.100.2
Repeat count [5]:
Datagram size [100]:
Timeout in seconds [2]:
Extended commands [n]: y
Source address or interface: 11.11.11.1
Type of service [0]:
Set DF bit in IP header? [no]:
Validate reply data? [no]:
Data pattern [0xABCD]:
Loose, Strict, Record, Timestamp, Verbose[none]:
Sweep range of sizes [n]:
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.100.2, timeout is 2 seconds:
Packet sent with a source address of 11.11.11.1
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 12/36/72 ms

ISP Router IP Packet Debug Output

*Mar  1 08:50:44.227: IP: tableid=0, s=192.168.100.202 (FastEthernet1/0), d=192.168.100.2 (FastEthernet1/0), routed via RIB
*Mar  1 08:50:44.227: IP: s=192.168.100.202 (FastEthernet1/0), d=192.168.100.2 (FastEthernet1/0), len 100, rcvd 3
*Mar  1 08:50:44.231: IP: s=192.168.100.202 (FastEthernet1/0), d=192.168.100.2, len 100, stop process pak for forus packet
*Mar  1 08:50:44.231: IP: s=192.168.100.2 (local), d=192.168.100.202 (FastEthernet1/0), len 100, sending
*Mar  1 08:50:44.231: IP: s=192.168.100.2 (local)
ISP#, d=192.168.100.202 (FastEthernet1/0), len 100, sending full packet

6. Now lets try again but this time with different destinatio IP. This time we will use Loopback0 to ping Inside Router interface and it should be translated with IP 192.168.0.2002. Let try that and see what Iinside router thinks the packets coming from

DMZ#ping
Protocol [ip]:
Target IP address: 192.168.0.2
Repeat count [5]:
Datagram size [100]:
Timeout in seconds [2]:
Extended commands [n]: y
Source address or interface: 11.11.11.1
Type of service [0]:
Set DF bit in IP header? [no]:
Validate reply data? [no]:
Data pattern [0xABCD]:
Loose, Strict, Record, Timestamp, Verbose[none]:
Sweep range of sizes [n]:
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.0.2, timeout is 2 seconds:
Packet sent with a source address of 11.11.11.1
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 8/32/72 ms

Inside Router IP Packet Debug Output
*Mar  1 08:53:05.867: IP: tableid=0, s=192.168.0.202 (FastEthernet1/0), d=192.168.0.2 (FastEthernet1/0), routed via RIB
*Mar  1 08:53:05.867: IP: s=192.168.0.202 (FastEthernet1/0), d=192.168.0.2 (FastEthernet1/0), len 100, rcvd 3
*Mar  1 08:53:05.867: IP: s=192.168.0.202 (FastEthernet1/0), d=192.168.0.2, len 100, stop process pak for

8. Let use the 'show nat' command to see if the hit count is still is same or increased

Manual NAT Policies (Section 1)
1 (DMZ) to (outside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0 obj-192.168.100.202   destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.100.0
    translate_hits = 2, untranslate_hits = 2
2 (DMZ) to (inside) source dynamic DMZ-Source-11.11.11.0 obj-192.168.0.202   destination static DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0 DMZ-Destination-192.168.0.0
    translate_hits = 1, untranslate_hits = 1

Auto NAT Policies (Section 2)
1 (inside) to (outside) source dynamic Inernal-10.10.10.0 interface
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0
2 (inside) to (outside) source dynamic Inernal-10.10.11.0 192.168.100.200
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0
3 (inside) to (outside) source dynamic Inernal-0.0.0.0 192.168.100.201
    translate_hits = 0, untranslate_hits = 0

So, this lab ends with successfull implementation of policy NAT where we demonstrated that NAT is performed based on the source and destination IP address.

 

1 ping

  1. ASA 8.3/8.4 NAT Migration Lab Guide » My Tech World

    […] will have our labs on the following pattern Lab 1.0 – Dynamic NAT/PAT Overload Lab 1.1 – Dynamic Policy NAT Lab 1.2 – Dynamic NAT/PAT, Dynamic NAT/PAT Interface Overload, Dynamic Policy NAT/PAT […]

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